第23届惠特曼本科生年会于4月13日举行, 2021, a celebration of the research, 奖学金和创造力.

今年的虚拟WUC提醒PG电子APP下载,需要就有机会. Poster presenters and audience members gathered in a simulated Cordiner Hall to share research interests. Panel session presentations in Zoom rooms included live question-and-answer rounds after each prerecorded PowerPoint talk. 

The college’s “Race, Violence and Health” academic theme this year has captured and challenged the Whitman community through guest lectures, fresh curriculum, 合作和独立的研究项目, and diverse student initiatives. This year’s WUC included three full panel sessions on RVH themes.

The conference also featured panel sessions dedicated to Computer Science projects and Psychology studies. 三个预先录制的音乐活动补充了小组讨论和海报会议. 


虽然会议的日子过去了, 体验其视频和海报演示的机会将继续存在.

查看 conference grid schedule 以获得事件、会话参与者和Zoom链接的总体概述.

展开下面的小组会议部分,了解有关参与者的更多细节, 包括演示视频和摘要.

所有小组会议的报告也可在 2021年惠特曼本科生大会YouTube播放列表.

Panel Session One: 9-10:15 a.m.

艾娃Liponis, 主持人

9 a.m. 卡森·琼斯 
Seasons Change Rocks: Quantifying Internal Rock Moisture Over Time

风化作用通过将坚固的基岩变成岩石碎片(物理风化)和化学分解(化学风化)来塑造景观。. 第三个过程, subcritical cracking, which has properties of both, 最近被认为是岩石破裂的另一个基本过程. The rates of all types of weathering are influenced by environmental conditions within the rock. 在我的研究中, I quantify internal rock moisture to better understand how field-scale variability in environmental conditions influences rock weathering at Spring Gulch near Wallula Gap. I found that rocks on north-facing slopes maintained cooler temperatures and wetted earlier in rainy winter months compared to rocks on an adjacent south-facing slope. 进一步, I found that seasonality plays a strong role in pore vapor pressure within bedrock of north and south aspects.
Faculty Sponsor: Lyman Persico
研究 Funding Source: Abshire Student 研究 Scholar Award

9:15 a.m. 尼尔斯·米科利

Mount Carlisle is one of Alaska’s several Holocene Aleutian Arc volcanoes that has not been assessed for geologic hazards. 卡莱尔山海拔1620米,基地半径为7.5公里. 克利夫兰山, similar in size and composition, 离卡莱尔山不到10公里, 最近喷发出的火山灰超过1000公里远. 我在一个基于热力学的相平衡建模程序中使用地球化学数据, 融化, 来限制来自卡莱尔火山的24个样本在喷发前的条件. Using different pressures, 水的内容, and redox conditions allowed the resulting models to constrain the magma conditions of the sample suite through comparing the models to the sample compositions. Initial results suggest 水 constituting 0-4% by weight and low pressure (shallow) pre-eruptive conditions. The combination of intermediate silica content (viscous magma), 浅深, 水, 长时间的不活动表明卡莱尔火山有爆发的可能.
Faculty Sponsor: Kirsten Nicolaysen
研究 Funding Source: Abshire Student 研究 Scholar Award

9:30 a.m. SKYLAR格雷森

暗物质的本质是现代宇宙学中普遍存在的谜团之一. I examine the possibility of an asymmetric dark matter model that allows for the formation of bound states analogous to nuclei. 由于缺乏类库仑斥力, 如果没有形成两种或三种粒子束缚态的瓶颈,这些束缚态可能由数万亿个粒子组成. I consider two possible causes of such bottlenecks and demonstrate that if the conditions to form a two-body bound state are met, there will be no bottlenecks to formation of larger bound states. 这些大束缚态对天体物理学有有趣的暗示, 特别是在星系动力学和进化领域.
Faculty Sponsor: Moira Gresham

9:45 a.m. 利亚姆。杜贝
Late-Onset Circumstellar Medium Interactions Are Rare: An Unbiased 星系演化探测器 View of Type Ia Supernovae

We constrain the ultraviolet (UV) light curves and circumstellar environment of over 1000 type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) within z<0.5 using archival Galaxy Evolution Explorer (星系演化探测器) 观察. We look for the UV excess expected from the strong interaction between the SN ejecta and circumstellar material (CSM). Indeed, in a recently published Hubble Space Telescope (HST) UV survey of late-time SNe Ia, 观测到SN 2015cp在最大光照期后约700天发生了强烈的CSM相互作用. 然而,在PG电子APP下载的 星系演化探测器 PG电子APP下载没有发现CSM相互作用的证据,尽管PG电子APP下载的68个SNe Ia的检测限比SN 2015cp之前的紫外检测更深. Through injection-recovery of model light curves into our data, PG电子APP下载排除了一系列可能的相互作用开始时间和峰值光度. PG电子APP下载结合 星系演化探测器 non-detections with the published HST 调查,以限制SNe Ia中迟发性CSM相互作用的发生率.
Faculty Sponsor: Andrea Dobson

Alyssa奥尔蒂斯, 主持人

Measuring the Performance of DENSE

DENSE (Differential Equation Network Simulation Engine) is a mathematical simulator of biological and chemical molecular processes. Some advantages of DENSE over rival simulators include the incorporation of delay differential equations, 联机分析和更高效的运行时. 研究 on DENSE is conducted in the Stratton Lab in the Computer Science Department at Whitman College. My contributions for the project centered around the application of experimental methodology to measure simulator performance, 使PG电子APP下载的团队能够查明PG电子APP下载的性能优于其他模拟器的原因. 我创建了一个跟踪运行时的算法, and implemented a fresh method of simulation and analysis to demonstrate the performance advantages in those fields. 这项研究的独特之处在于应用科学的方法论来测试软件, 哪种方法比这种方法的正常应用更不典型.
Faculty Sponsor: John Stratton
研究 Funding Source: Faculty-Student Summer 研究 Award

9:15 a.m. 还DICK-NEAL

金属微量元素对生命至关重要, but many environments are micronutrient deficient due to low concentration of bioavailable metal species. The exchange of ligands (organic compounds that bind to metals) between metal ions determines metal bioavailability, 这对细菌的生长有什么影响呢, 真菌和植物——包括那些赖以为生的食物. Previous research by the Boland Lab indicates that certain small organic acids abundant in natural soils catalyze ligand exchange reactions when they follow a disjunctive pathway -- one in which the initial metal-ligand complex completely dissociates before ligand exchange occurs. I hypothesize that these same organic acids (ethylenediamine, 草酸, and glycine) inhibit reactions that follow a semijunctive pathway, 哪一种只需要初始金属配体配合物的部分离解才能进行交换. 在pH值为7-10的镍酸盐阴离子上进行的半配体交换实验表明,这些酸均能抑制配体交换反应.
Faculty Sponsor: Nate Boland
研究 Funding Source: M.J. Murdock Charitable Trust

9:30 a.m. 颜TRAN


心肌炎, or inflammation in the myocardium, is a leading cause of sudden death for children and adults under 50. Our previously published work has shown that there is a higher incidence of myocarditis in men than in women, with a ratio of 3.5 to 1. Sex differences in immune responses to coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis have been well characterized. 然而,与能量学和重塑有关的其他机制尚不清楚. My colleagues and I performed a transcriptomics study to determine whether mitochondrial sex differences exist during myocarditis. Since CVB3 targets mitochondria, we hypothesized the existence of sex differences in mitochondrial genes that would enhance myocarditis severity in males and protect against severe disease in females. We found that males and females enriched different pathways under acute and chronic CVB3 myocarditis. Our results show that mitochondrial gene pathways are enriched in males and are critical for sex-dependent CVB3 pathogenesis.
Faculty Sponsor: Michael Coronado
研究经费来源:梅奥诊所,M.J. 国家卫生研究院的默多克慈善信托基金

9:45 a.m. 卡莉ROMINGER


DNA包含了生命所必需的所有过程的遗传信息. Core histones are proteins that package DNA: histones are like beads on a string with DNA wrapped around them, 而不同程度的包皮会影响基因的表达. 核心组蛋白对细胞功能极其重要, 如此引人注目,以至于在酵母和人类等遥远的生物体中也发现了类似的版本! 还有一些组蛋白变体可以替代核心组蛋白,并提供多种功能. Interestingly, these histone variants can undergo rapid evolution. To uncover novel histone variants in mammalian lineages and determine if they are rapidly evolving, 我使用在线数据库和软件工具来分析和比较DNA和蛋白质序列. PG电子APP下载的实验室在哺乳动物中发现了至少四种组蛋白变异,其中一些正在快速进化. This research advances our understanding of histone variants and will aid in the discovery of novel functions.
Faculty Sponsor: Brit Moss
研究 Funding Source: Fred Hutchinson Cancer 研究 Center

10 a.m. 威利的总裁
Novel Anti-Neoplastic Agents

The human 26S proteasome is an enzyme responsible for breaking down proteins involved in the cell cycle. Inhibition of the proteasome can induce death in cancer cells and is thus a target of anti-neoplastic drugs. 临床批准的蛋白酶体抑制剂, while highly potent, cause a number of negative side effects due to lack of selectivity. Therefore, a strong need exists for new inhibitors that are potent and only target the proteasome. We seek to combine the structure 和有趣的ction of the naturally occurring inhibitor TMC-95 with that of the FDA approved drug, carfilzomib, 开发一种新型的强效选择性抑制剂. The target compound of this research, a large cyclic peptide, 通过与蛋白酶体活性位点的强不可逆结合赋予其效力, 选择性是通过一个大的刚性结构调整来适应蛋白酶体活性部位而不是人类细胞中的其他酶.
Faculty Sponsor: Marion Götz
研究 Funding Sources: Arnold and Mabel Beckman Foundation, Faculty-Student Summer 研究 Award, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Nadyieli Gonzalez Ortiz, 主持人

9 a.m. 里夫波伊尔

柏拉图的 共和国 examines the “kallipolis,” a vision of an ideal city, 通过它的结构来确定正义是什么. 关于这个“卡利波利斯”的普遍说法是,它是一个乌托邦式的计划. 然而,, Plato is actually pessimistic about parts of the human condition and frames his society around limiting parts of it through law. 在我的演讲中,我探讨了律法主义在柏拉图哲学中的作用:PG电子APP下载为什么需要法律? 它们的多重功能是什么? 我将我的分析延伸到关于暴力和健康的现代背景中, 以及柏拉图如何将律法作为哲学工具来解答这些问题.
Faculty Sponsor: Michelle Jenkins

Would You Defund the Police? Examining the Effects of Perceptions of Racism on Social Dominance Orientation and Police Reform

研究表明,警察部门存在系统性的种族主义. 然而,, many communities and social movements are resistant to the 黑色的 Lives Matter movement’s call to defund the police. Our research explores whether the relationship between social dominance orientation and police reform are explained by participants' perceptions of racism as either individual or systemic. Social dominance theory seeks to understand why we maintain a discriminatory social hierarchy in our society by examining individuals' preferences between a hierarchical system and an equitable system. PG电子APP下载的样本包括惠特曼社区成员和瓦拉瓦拉居民. 参与者完成了一项社会支配倾向测量和一项种族主义测量. They then reported how much they would fund different social programs, including police departments. PG电子APP下载的研究将帮助心理学家理解将种族主义作为个人或系统的框架会如何影响对警察改革等政策的支持.
Faculty Sponsor: Stephen Michael


美国梦是移民最普遍的愿望之一. 作为一种意识形态,美国梦意味着一个人人机会平等的未来. 但实际上,这一梦想是如何为非法移民实现的呢? Undocumented immigrants to the United States face severe hardships, 从危险的过境开始,每天都要经历不公. My presentation focuses on Mexican migrations and illustrates the complications in the promise of the 只有美式咖啡 (美国梦)通过三首歌:Calibre 50的《PG电子APP下载》, "Frijolero" by Molotov, 里卡多·阿约纳和Intocable的《PG电子》. 尽管这些歌曲通常被归类为不同的音乐流派, we can classify them more broadly as corridos西班牙语叙事曲,因为它们使用的是传统的乐器 茅草屋 or conjuntos norteños 在移民经历中有着共同的主题.
Faculty Sponsor: Aaron Aguilar-Ramirez

9:45 a.m. 安娜公斤

My presentation examines the process of assimilation in the United States with a primary focus on second-generation Mexican-Americans. Assimilation challenges the 文化 identity of individuals, 是什么导致了一个新术语的产生, gentefication, for Mexican-Americans. 通过马文·莱姆斯(Marvin Lemus)和琳达·伊维特(Linda Yvette)的Netflix系列电视剧《PG电子APP下载》(Gentefied), Chávez, I examine the experience of assimilation into American culture from the perspective of three cousins in the series: 埃里克, the father to be; Chris, the whitewashed chef; and Ana, the homosexual artist. Through the diverse experiences of each character, assimilation is seen as an undulating experience. 作为一个结果, 埃里克, 克里斯和安娜被迫看到同化如何最终影响他们的社区. 《PG电子APP下载》揭示了第二代墨西哥裔美国人对美国的同化.S. 文化,放大了中产阶级化给他们的社区带来的斗争. 最终,它使他们在不知不觉中成为绅士化的催化剂.
Faculty Sponsor: Janice Be

10 a.m. 麦克尔斯克洛伊
名义霸权、暴力与人道主义 叙述 of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave

In his 1845 memoir, 叙述 of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Douglass addresses the realities and recounts the trauma of growing up in slavery until his escape at age 20. 叙述 以对奴隶制的野蛮心理的毫无歉意的描述为特征吗, 挑战黑格尔主仆辩证法的自我意识反思的呈现. In my presentation, I discuss the representational act of naming in its twofold portrayal as the denial and assertion of humanity in Douglass’ 叙述. 奴隶制度的建立依赖于奴隶被指定的差异性以及共享名字的团结破裂, 而自我中介的命名过程则意味着自主性的实现. I also contextualize the act of naming through Foucault’s conception of names as “technologies of the self.”
Faculty Sponsor: Adam Gordon

亚当·鲁尼, 主持人

9 a.m. 茱莉亚赫斯

要人要人关爱孩子的数据项目, 这是瓦拉瓦拉谷早期学习联盟和惠特曼学院的合作伙伴关系, 是在2020年2月至12月进行的吗. 该项目横跨瓦拉瓦拉县,重点关注从出生到5岁的儿童. The goal of the project is to improve the availability of data on early learning so that early-learning practitioners, 家庭, 学校, 雇主, 政策制定者, 以及其他利益相关方对本县早教情况进行了全面的概述, 包括说明社区在哪些地方比较强大,哪些地方需要改进. 强大的早期学习资源对于沃拉沃拉县的繁荣至关重要, 因为早期学习对整个社区健康有重大影响. In my presentation, I outline the process and framework of the project and share the main takeaways from my experience as a research assistant.
Faculty Sponsor: Michelle Janning
研究 Funding Source: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation


Children’s racial/ethnic preferences, 偏见, 偏见可能会受到环境中许多因素的影响. 使用群体间接触假说, we examined the influence of the racial/ethnic diversity of 学校, 社区, 以及家庭对孩子的自我看法和同伴偏好的看法. We recruited 5- to 10-year-old children and asked them to create Bitmojis of themselves and four imaginary friends. 与Bitmoji, 用户创建个人头像的应用程序, children in our study had complete control over the appearance of their avatar and those of their imaginary friends. 选项包括发型、脸型、眼睛形状和颜色,甚至衣服. In our study, we focused on skin color and gender preferences. We hypothesized that the racial and ethnic composition of a child’s environment would influence their racial preferences. Our study helps to address the influence of school systems on a child’s formation of racial and ethnic preferences, 偏见, 与偏见》.
Faculty Sponsor: Erin Pahlke


While many studies have explored adults' perceptions of prison, 人们对儿童如何看待监狱知之甚少. The sparse literature that does exist tends to focus on the psychological well-being of children with incarcerated family members. PG电子APP下载有充分的理由扩展这项研究,并考虑儿童与监狱的家庭联系如何影响他们对监狱系统的理解. 为PG电子APP下载的研究, we used Bronfenbrenner’s developmental model as a basis to explore the interplay between the child, the microsystem of the family, and the exosystem of the prison. We hypothesize that children’s views of prisons are related to their familial connections to prison. To test this hypothesis, we interviewed children ages 8 to 14 about their perceptions of the safety and 公平ness of prisons. The results of this mixed-methods study will provide important knowledge about children’s views of prisons.
Faculty Sponsor: Erin Pahlke

9:45 a.m. 凯莉·克罗迈耶,布兰卡·哈拉米略和卡利·迪基

PG电子APP下载的演讲集中在一种被称为注意力提升效应的记忆怪癖上. 人们普遍认为分散注意力对长期记忆有害. 然而,, there are certain conditions by which information is encoded as well or better with divided attention as it is with full attention. We hope to expand on Swallow and Jiang’s original findings (2010) by replacing images with verbal materials and testing participants’ memory for facts rather than for events. We hypothesize that a word presented with a target stimulus that requires a response is more likely given as an incorrect answer to general knowledge questions than a word presented without a target stimulus. Our results may provide new information about the range of conditions in which ABE can be detected. Our research may also broaden the ways in which ABE can be studied.
Faculty Sponsor: Matthew Prull


在我的研究中, 我研究了上下脸在面部识别中的作用,并研究这是否随着脸部的运动或静止而变化. 过去的研究发现,在静态图像的识别中,上脸具有优势. 考虑到下脸比上脸更容易移动, 这就提出了一个问题,即动态面孔是否也显示出了上脸优势. 这些数据将有助于PG电子APP下载深入了解面部识别的视觉过程, aiding in treatment of neurological diseases affecting the ability. Prosopagnosia patients are unable to recognize faces and are an example of a population that can benefit from these findings. A better understanding of normal recognition processes may help with the identification of variants and the diagnosis of patients with similar cognitive disorders. I conducted my research at the Vancouver General Hospital under Dr. Jason Barton, with the assistance of Shanna Yeung and Sena Youn.
Faculty Sponsor: Ginger Withers

克洛伊Daikh, 主持人

9 a.m. 米歇尔·张,拉斯卡·菲茨休,舒布拉·特瓦里,卡梅隆·弗雷泽和德克斯特·爱切利

戏剧的魔力是通过直接和亲密的表达和激情来捕捉的, 通过演员和观众之间在一个共享空间的联系. 新冠肺炎已经影响了惠特曼的戏剧和舞蹈部门. 补偿, 一个计算机科学研究小组开发了一个名为Front Seat的网络应用程序, 的演员, 舞台经理, and directors are able to rehearse and communicate about stage design without being in the same physical space. Through motion-tracking 技术, Front Seat overlays diagrams of digital stage layouts in which each actor’s movements are captured. 结果是舞台移动,否则就会因为社会距离和隔离而失去. This application may support efforts by other theater departments faced with similar restrictions.
Faculty Sponsor: William Bares

埃里森·科恩 主持人

9 a.m. 艾玛·拜尔

女王海螺(Lobatus牡蛎)是东加勒比海特克斯和凯科斯群岛的主要捕鱼业. It is common practice for local fishers to remove the conch's soft body from its shell immediately after capture and to discard the empty shell back into the ocean. 在南凯科斯岛实地研究学院学习期间, I noticed that discarded queen conch shells were microhabitats for a variety of marine organisms, 包括拿骚石斑鱼(Epinephelus striatus), spiny lobster (Panulirus argus) and several coral species. Increasing overall biodiversity is critical for ecosystem conservation and maintenance of healthy fisheries. 我对这个生态系统的研究表明,废弃的海螺女王壳的存在是如何影响脊椎动物和无脊椎动物的数量和多样性的, and how these data could be used to combat local habitat destruction and increase overall biodiversity.
Faculty Sponsor: Kate Jackson
Off-Campus Studies 程序: The School for Field Studies: Turks and Caicos Marine Resource Studies

9:15 a.m. 亚历克斯·费里

Anurans(青蛙和蟾蜍)有一个专门的, morphologically constrained body plan with reduced presacral vertebrae and elongated and highly folded hindlimbs. 这些适应性与跳跃行走有关, 大多数青蛙运动的主要方式是什么. 然而,除了跳跃外,无尾猬还会游泳、行走、攀爬和钻洞. Because of this, fossorial (burrowing) anurans typically share morphological traits consistent with their burrowing lifestyle, 与非化石物种相比,它们的头较小,后肢相对较短, which increases the force exerted by the leg muscles while digging. I will discuss the degree of specialization in the hindlimbs of burrowing anurans by comparing trends in hindlimb measurements between burrowing anurans and terrestrial members of the same 家庭.
Faculty Sponsor: Kate Jackson

Elevational Range Shifts of Two Species of Redstarts in Costa Rica in the Age of Climate Change

热带山地鸟类在海拔高度上的狭小范围使它们成为当前气候变化时代最受威胁的鸟类群体之一. I used data from eBird, a citizen science project, to investigate the elevational ranges of two species of cloud forest insectivorous warblers in Costa Rica between 1980 and 2019. 我查阅了11,856份调查,这些调查包含了对石喉红尾鸲(Myioborus miniatus),以及7366项有关红尾鸲的调查结果(M. torquatus)调查了294个地点,以评估这两个物种活动范围随时间的海拔变化. 我发现石板喉红尾鸲可能会取代环颈红尾鸲,因为这些物种会在海拔上升时成为环颈红尾鸲, a highland endemic, is pushed off the top of the mountain. These upward shifts in elevation may result from increasing temperatures and from the upward shift of the cloud banks that characterize this fragile ecosystem. 
Faculty Sponsor: Tim Parker

9:45 a.m. 克拉拉·霍夫曼
Body Condition of White-tailed Deer in Northeastern Washington

白尾鹿的营养状况(Odocoileus virginianus)可以表明一个群体的健康状况以及个人生活中的压力源. We opportunistically sampled road-killed white-tailed deer in northeastern Washington state to (1) assess the nutritional state of the population and (2) determine the correlation between two different methods of evaluating body condition. In this study we compared a subset Kistner score based on pericardium and kidney fat levels to bone marrow fat percentage. Over four years of collecting, PG电子APP下载发现身体状况随着季节的变化而变化, 秋季的平均脂肪百分比最高,为17.哺乳期平均脂肪百分比最低,为6.65%. 在怀孕期间,平均脂肪百分比为9.58%. PG电子APP下载还发现体脂率和骨髓率没有相关性, 骨髓分析似乎并不是确定身体状况的一致方法.
Faculty Sponsor: Tim Parker
研究资金来源:华盛顿鱼类和野生动物部, Washington Predator-Prey Project, Whitman Internship Grant



"The Sentimental One"
from Lyric Quartette
by William Grant Still
Amy Dodds, Director
Julia Schillings, violin
Jack Fleming, violin
Elsa Batten, viola
Liam Dubay, cello

William Grant Still (1895-1978)

William Grant Still, 谁的音乐会出现在今年大学生大会的室内乐部分, 是文艺复兴时期的人物吗. A pre-med student at Wilberforce University, an 安排r for W.C. 方便的, 流行音乐(主要是小提琴和双簧管)的演奏者和音乐会音乐的作曲家, 他仍然是哈莱姆文艺复兴的领军人物.

跨度近20年(大约1918-1935年), the Harlem Renaissance was one of the most significant intellectual and 文化 movements in U.S. 而斯蒂尔是复兴的主要贡献者. 后来,他成为第一个非裔美国人指挥一个主要的美国交响乐团(L.A. Philharmonic); the first to have an opera (“Troubled Island”) produced by a major company; and the first to have a symphonic work (交响曲》. 1 in A flat major (非裔美国人)由一位主要的美国演员表演.S. 管弦乐队(由霍华德·汉森指挥的罗切斯特爱乐乐团).

Still was also prolific. 他的作品集包括五部交响曲, 八个歌剧, 四个芭蕾舞剧, more than 30 choral works, and dozens of chamber music pieces, 艺术歌曲和独奏乐器作曲. “Lyric Quartette,” composed in 1960, is a set of musical portraits of friends in three movements. 《PG电子APP下载》是首张肖像.

Panel Session Two: 10:45 a.m.-12 p.m.

克洛伊Daikh, 主持人


Small molecules like carbon dioxide, 双氧, nitrogen monoxide, and carbon monoxide are essential to many biological processes. These molecules are pervasive, 高度稳定, and difficult to alter in the lab, but biological enzymes have evolved ways to rapidly and efficiently transform them into useful products. PG电子APP下载的工作集中在从土壤细菌一氧化碳脱氢酶(CODH) Oligotropha carboxidovorans, which transforms toxic carbon monoxide into carbon dioxide. Byproducts from this transformation provide the cellular energy to drive the metabolic processes of this bacterium. PG电子APP下载正在用计算模型研究这种生物反应, and our presentation will highlight how the unique two-metal-center reaction site facilitates this remarkable conversion. PG电子APP下载将探讨生物催化系统(如CODH)在改善污染方面的潜力, 绿色能源, 以及其他对PG电子APP下载社会至关重要的化学过程.
Faculty Sponsor: Dalia Biswas


随着气候变化继续以指数方式改变PG电子APP下载星球的状况, 对太平洋鲑鱼的影响还没有完全了解. In Alaska’s marine environments, 与过去几十年相比,普通的洄游鲑鱼越来越小,数量也越来越少. 随着这些加速的变化,世界上最后的野生鲑鱼渔业还能生存下去吗? 在华盛顿, the Yakima River has undergone drops in flow due to declining mountain snowpack and historic droughts. Climatic changes are forcing unlikely partnerships as individuals collaborate on adaptive 水 use plans to protect the livelihoods of farmers and the habitat where salmon live and die. 在PG电子APP下载的报告中,PG电子APP下载首先探讨了阿拉斯加沿海水域鲑鱼数量的下降. We then turn to key examples of fishing communities near the Pacific Ocean and 水-user communities in the Yakima Basin that are responding to these shifts and to rapidly changing river basin hydrology.
Faculty Sponsor: Donald Snow

11:15 a.m. 杰克·弗莱明

我的报告从水的角度来审视阿以冲突. 以色列对该区域有限水资源的定居者-殖民地占领和控制对巴勒斯坦农业和健康产生了重大影响. 加沙海岸含水层的衰退和约旦河西岸橄榄树的种植, 例如, demonstrate how the struggle over 水 resources impacts the ability of Palestinians to continue to live in their ancestral homeland. While the status of Jerusalem and the occupation of the West Bank are commonly acknowledged flash points in the Arab-Israeli conflict, I assert that it is a mistake to ignore the contentious and politicized struggle over 水 as a crucial facet of the ongoing conflict. 在这个干旱地区,治水与治地同等重要.
Faculty Sponsor: Elyse Semerdjian

Who Acts on Climate Change? 探索气候变化行动的影响

Climate change has dire implications. 然而,随着时间的推移,对气候变化的担忧急剧减少(希夫曼,2015). One strategy to combat apathy toward climate change and encourage action is to divert discussion from the environmental perspective and instead address how ideologies shape responses to this crisis. Our research asks how one’s racial group and level of social dominance orientation affect attitudes and behavior toward climate change. We predict that white individuals, 在SDO, 当气候变化对他们的内部群体有利时,他们会提倡采取行动吗, 而低SDO水平的人会提倡采取行动,而不管这对哪个群体有利. PG电子APP下载的研究不仅仅是对群体偏好的调查, demonstrating how ideologies such as SDO can shape attitudes that lead to real-life consequences, 特别是当这些意识形态不成比例地影响边缘群体时. PG电子APP下载的研究结果将帮助PG电子APP下载构建鼓励行动和减少气候变化的信息.
Faculty Sponsor: Chanel Meyers

Alyssa奥尔蒂斯, 主持人

10:45 a.m. 罗南·伯恩,康纳·杨和约瑟夫·埃尔巴格里

Whitman College Technology Services employs students across a variety of jobs to assist the college with various technological tasks. The current shift management website, used to organize, 安排和重新安排WCTS学生员工的班次, 由于数据从内部计算快速迁移到基于云的存储,并且在这个应用程序中使用了遗留的编码语言,是否已经过时. Utilizing the MongoDB, 反应, and NodeJS full-stack framework, PG电子APP下载构建了一个应用程序,该应用程序允许管理员轻松地安排班次,同时维护其前身的有用功能. Using these modern frameworks, 这个web应用程序允许在未来增加可伸缩性和可维护性. 另外, this application adds to the existing features while aiming to increase usability and save time by centralizing many of the administrative tasks such as schedule creation.
Faculty Sponsor: William Bares

11:20 a.m. 埃里克·林,瑞恩·可鲁夫,尼克·麦克莱伦和托尼·赵

什么样的特点能让一个即将入学的学生和他们的指导老师匹配得很好呢? How do we determine to prioritize an individual good match versus equity within all automated matches? 作为一个顶点团队,PG电子APP下载探索了这些问题,看看它们是否可以通过实现基于权重的匹配算法在算法上解决. Through the help of our stakeholder analysis we were able to better understand the tensions between the values of each of our stakeholders and who gets to ultimately decide which of those values are prioritized over the others. With this information, we proposed a system that surveys academic advisors and students in order to perform automated weight-based matches. 通过PG电子APP下载基于权重的算法和学生/导师调查的实现, we produced a web application that compares the results from our surveys and constructs matches based on the preferences given.
Faculty Sponsor: John Stratton

埃里森·科恩, 主持人

“Kaulana Nā Pua”: A Protest Song for Native Hawaiian Identity

在流行文化和民间音乐中都有许多抗议压迫的歌曲. 夏威夷原住民(Kānaka Maoli)也有这个传统. 许多抗议歌曲都以殖民时期突如其来的痛苦经历为中心, ʻāina (land) separation, and sovereignty denial. One protest song in particular, 《PG电子》(名花皆有), 让Kānaka毛利代代相传. A close lyrical analysis, 还有夏威夷历史背景和抗议音乐, 说明了这首歌对Kānaka Maoli的持久影响. 尽管缺乏对土著抗议歌曲的研究, 必须研究这些不同的形式,以更好地理解抵抗的主要主题, relationships with the land, and sovereignty in the context of identity and identity restoration.
Faculty Sponsor: Miles Canaday


The death of George Floyd sparked outrage and protests across the country against police brutality directed at 黑色的 individuals. “黑人的命也是命”运动随着新型冠状病毒病大流行而发展, another form of inequity was exposed. 这一流行病显示出种族和族裔之间的明显差异. 土著, 黑色的, 拉丁裔人口继续被感染, 住院, 死于SARS CoV-2的比例明显高于白人. As the pandemic progresses, evidence suggests that COVID-19 treatment for these populations has only exacerbated past disparities in healthcare. 这些不平等现象现在已延伸到疫苗接种和检测. In my presentation, 我分享我对过去12个月临床和公共卫生数据的研究结果, 深入了解因大流行而扩大的种族差异. 我还强调了美国在应对COVID-19方面可能存在的不公平领域.S. 并提出减少这些差异的策略.
Faculty Sponsor: Jim Russo


The novel coronavirus that engulfs the world has highlighted a far less novel plague: the inequities produced by the market-driven ideologies of late capitalism and biopolitics. In my presentation, I trace the connection between neoliberal and ableist logic and ICU-eugenics. Disabled activists and allies in the United States began sounding the alarm at Italy’s first mentions of a “soft utilitarian” approach to rationing COVID-19 care. 我认为迈克尔·希克森的案子, a Disabled 黑色的 man, exemplifies how dangerously the neoliberal order functions in the U.S. 希克森最终死于他的医疗团队之手, 谁以他糟糕的“生活质量”作为拒绝拯救生命的理由. 在我对icu优生学生物伦理学的分析中, 我的结论是残疾的身体是一个抵抗的场所, 自, simply by existing, 他们毫不费力地拒绝了新自由主义秩序所要求的理想身体.
赞助教师:Kaitlyn Patia和Antonia Keithahn

11:30 a.m. 谢尔曼迦勒

几十年来,《PG电子》一直是全球文化的固定主题. 在1980年代, 人们认为这款游戏是邪恶的,因为它包含了怪物和咒语. Now, it is celebrated in television shows like "Stranger Things." By examining the game within the context of rhetorical studies — with a focus on race — we can better understand the way that racist coding remains prevalent in our society. Games with role-playing in their design offer a unique window into issues surrounding race and appropriation. 一个例子是古老的术语“物种”和“种族”的合并.” Another is the way that a majority-white player base is expected to appropriate allegorical versions of real-world cultures. In my presentation, I answer a central question: To what extent does the language used in role-playing games reinforce and perpetuate racist ideas?
Faculty Sponsor: Kaitlyn Patia

11:45 a.m. RUBY马修斯
Interaction Between Racial Language and Racial Equity Perceptions

我的研究调查了围绕种族主义的语言,特别是人际关系的例子和. 系统性的例子会影响人们对种族平等的看法. Recent large movements to expose racism in our society attempt to highlight historic systemic discrimination, lack of access to healthcare, and employment disparities for racialized minorities in the U.S. 我研究了影响这个国家的种族平等观念的因素. 特别是, 我考虑的是人际叙事和系统叙事在唤起白人个体对PG电子APP下载种族主义社会的同情方面的有效性. I hypothesize that individuals who are randomly assigned to the interpersonal condition will have higher levels of ethno文化 empathy than those who are randomly assigned to the systemic condition. I also expect that those who report higher levels of ethno文化 empathy will also have lower perceptions of racial equity in the U.S. Through my research, 我希望找到影响白人种族平等观念的具体因素.
赞助商:Chanel Meyers和Erin Pahlke

艾娃Liponis, 主持人

10:45 a.m. 佐伊布朗

The sexual pain disorders vaginismus and dyspareunia share the core diagnostic feature of pain or fear of pain during genital contact or penetration of the vagina. 阴道痉挛患者的厌恶倾向更高, 定义为一个人感到厌恶的容易程度和强烈程度. 当一个人的厌恶倾向很高时, it may interfere with sexual arousal and impact the ability to have fulfilling sexual experiences. The purpose of my study is to replicate the finding that disgust propensity is associated with increased symptoms of vaginismus and to investigate whether people with vaginismus show increased disgust toward all types of disgust elicitors or only toward sexual stimuli. My study used an online eye-tracking alternative that utilizes mouse movements in order to analyze an individual's disgust. Understanding the mechanisms underlying sexual dysfunction will contribute to creating more effective treatments.
Faculty Sponsor: Tom Armstrong

11 a.m. 马特·埃文斯,玛丽埃尔·加西亚和海伦·马斯伦
Do 叙述 Specificity and Meaning-Making in Autobiographical Memories Mediate the Link between Avoidant Attachment and Well-Being?

研究表明,回避依恋和自传体叙事特征的个体差异可以预测幸福感(Hainlen等., 2015; Blagov & 歌手,2004). We integrated the theories of adult attachment and narrative processing of self-defining memories to propose that narrative specificity and narrative meaning-making partially mediate the link between avoidant attachment and well-being (while controlling for the remaining dimensions of attachment). PG电子APP下载的研究参与者是2019年夏天在网上招募的257名美国性少数群体(主要是男同性恋和女同性恋). They recorded six self-defining memories regarding their close relationships with parents and romantic partners. They also completed questionnaires measuring individual differences in attachment and key facets of well-being via self-reporting. Our findings may shed light on a potential mechanism that links avoidant attachment and well-being, 这就降低了回避型依恋的特异性和意义. 了解这一机制可能有助于心理治疗.
Faculty Sponsor: Pavel Blagov


人们常常对别人做出迅速的判断, 哪些会影响到自己和别人对自己的看法. We wanted to assess how an individual’s own gender and gender role adherence impacted their perception of others. 要做到这一点, we examined variations in how people perceive others who encompass either feminine or masculine traits. We based our study on prior work on in-group/out-group 偏见, intergroup theory, and toxic masculinity. We asked participants to rate descriptions of people who varied based on their gender and gender role adherence. PG电子APP下载假设女性特征在男性和女性身上都很难被察觉, but especially in men, and that not adhering to traditional gender roles would negatively impact how others are perceived. Our study is important because women and those who exhibit feminine traits are often stereotyped and may have diminished opportunity because of initial negative perceptions.
Faculty Sponsor: Erin Pahlke

Nadyieli Gonzalez Ortiz, 主持人

10:45 a.m. 亚当·鲁尼

My presentation captures research I conducted for my thesis in Hispanic Studies in which I apply the theory of “non-places,,由法国人类学家Marc Augé提出, 到Alberto Fuguet和Gonzalo Martínez的漫画小说, 路的故事. Non-places are nondescript, functional spaces necessary for the circulation of people and goods. 例如酒店房间、高速公路、机场和购物中心. The paradox of non-places is that they simultaneously connect people from across the globe while producing solitude for "users" who pass through these spaces in anonymity. My presentation highlights how the theory of non-places can help us better understand the challenges that 要人要人 faces in attracting visitors as a tourist destination, and that Whitman College faces in attracting students: to remain unique while being what people expect, 在为临时群体服务的同时保持身份.
Faculty Sponsor: Janis Be

11 a.m. 艾莉森运气

Door-to-door salesmen, clever recruitment tactics, community-building, mysticism, a higher power. These concepts may initially bring to mind images of direct sales. 它们也会让人联想到福音派基督教. 正是在这个交叉点上,PG电子APP下载发现了多层次营销:资本主义, conservative Christian dream. The lines between business and religion are increasingly blurred, 而像doTERRA这样的多层次营销计划正是在这个有限的空间里, LuLaRoe, 而安利则利用了美国福音梦. 这个梦必须以热情的年轻女性为目标(主要), using business tactics to sell products and recruit participants, 推销一种被吹捧为优于任何其他企业所提供的产品, 并最终提供一种仅靠世俗手段无法实现的生活. 在考虑这些组织时,我提出以下问题:什么是宗教? What is secularism? 关于宗教,传销教会了PG电子APP下载什么?
Faculty Sponsor: Lauren Osborne

11:15 a.m. 林赛•梅里特

从表面上看,德国和意大利并没有多少社会相似之处. 然而,, 两国文化交流有着悠久的共同历史, 政治关系, 以及这两个欧洲国家之间的移民. 尤其是食物给了PG电子APP下载一个独特的窗口,去了解这些社会的融合, 挑战“德国人”和“意大利人”是两种截然不同的文化身份的普遍观念. 我的研究涉及食品和文化研究中的常见术语,如传统, 真实性, and purity and questions the validity of assigning these terms to “ethnic” foods and cultures at large. 以意大利/德国食物为例, I argue for a dynamic understanding of transnational culture that challenges stereotypes and expands our concept of identity.
Faculty Sponsor: Emily Jones
研究 Funding Source: Soden Student 研究 Scholar Award

11:30 a.m. 菲利斯帕娃
Femininity and the Jewish-American Food Voice through Cookbooks

从1920年到1965年,以美国犹太女性为目标群体的烹饪书创造了一种充满抱负的美国犹太食物的声音. 这种声音可以在烹饪书中看作是不同类别的文本组合:前言, 祈祷, 日历, 广告, and the recipes themselves. I show how these cookbooks elevated an American middle-class ideal perpetuated through Jewish values about femininity by examining the value of women in the home. The early 1920s is often seen as the beginning of rapid modernization through electricity and the industrialization of food. 1924年的移民法也是这一时期的标志, 对亚洲和犹太移民设置配额的法案. 1965年标志着这一食品工业化时期的结束,标志着美国和犹太人女性化特定时代的结束. My research sheds light on how cookbooks were used to create a food voice during an understudied time in this area.
Faculty Sponsor: Xiaobo Yuan

Jazz Lunch Hour: 12-1 p.m.

精通即兴创作的音乐家如何共同创作, 安排, redesign and record music in isolation? Jazz I项目今年的贡献, directed by Doug Scarborough, affords a glimpse into this process. Four small ensembles from the Jazz I family share their research, creative instincts and musical chops in a video captured specially for the Undergraduate Conference.

Doug Scarborough
Director, Jazz Ensemble I



 Meghan McFadden, vocals
Matthew Hershkowitz, trumpet
Koby Haigerty, drums



 Harrison Lurie, guitar, bass and drums
Jonah Panzer, saxophone
Will Weisz, saxophone
Karl Johnson, piano and vocals


乐队3:《PG电子》(Stevie Wonder, 1981)

Jonathan Reed, guitar
Spencer Thulin, drums and synthesizer
Liam Twomey, trombone
Jed Matthias, trumpet and bass


乐队4:《PG电子》(Cyndi Lauper, 1983)

Eva Sullivan, vocals
Daniel Leong, saxophone
Alex Lamers, synthesizer
Bennett Cooper, guitar and drums

海报会议: 1-2 p.m.

海报创作者和观众一起进来了 收集.小镇 为现场互动观看海报演示. 的收集.小镇 room remains open if you'd like to virtually stroll through. You can also view a gallery of the posters and abstracts on our Poster Presentation page.

Panel Session Three: 2-3:15 p.m.

埃里森·科恩 主持人

2 p.m. EILA下巴

在瓦拉瓦拉西部的瓦拉隘口生物站, 南坡和北坡的植物群落不同. 朝南的山坡上通常都是一年生草本植物,比如猎豹草, 而多年生草本植物,如蓝带麦草则占据了北坡. 朝南的斜坡比朝北的斜坡接收到更多的太阳辐射, 这可能会影响土壤温度. 了解土壤温度如何影响植物群落是很重要的,因为全球变暖可能会增加土壤温度. To determine the extent to which aspect affects soil temperature, 我分析了2015-2019年间南向和北向斜坡的土壤温度数据. 我发现朝南的土壤大约是5.温度升高了94摄氏度,这可以解释为什么他们多年生草本植物较少. In the summer, perennial seedlings are metabolically active while annual grasses exist only as seeds. 这意味着一年生草本植物比多年生草本植物更容易在每年夏天南坡的热土壤中生存.
Faculty Sponsor: Tim Parker
研究 Funding Source: Faculty-Student Summer 研究 Award

2:15 p.m. 亚历克斯·嘉宝

蓝花麦草是一种多年生束草,原产于华盛顿东部. 最近,它的数量一直在下降. 在Wallula Gap生物站的Spring Gulch, 蓝花在朝北的斜坡上比在朝南的斜坡上更常见. The low density of bluebunch wheatgrass on south-facing slopes may be a result of higher temperatures due to increased solar radiation. To test this hypothesis, I created shaded and open (unshaded) plots on the south-facing slopes of Spring Gulch and tracked bluebunch seed germination and seedling survival in both plot types. 如果这些测量结果显示在阴影区有更高的蓝花成功率, it could suggest that climate change would significantly decrease bluebunch wheatgrass population numbers in the Columbia Basin.
Faculty Sponsor: Tim Parker

2:30 p.m. 安娜ZIRKES
当前繁殖作为未来生长和繁殖的预测 Pseudoroegneria spicata

Native perennial grasses have declined throughout the Columbia Basin and are at risk of continued losses due to climate change. 在华盛顿Spring Gulch的Wallula Gap生物站,蓝花麦草(Pseudoroegneria spicata)似乎在该地区更热、更干燥的南坡上呈下降趋势. 我调查了单个植物在生长和繁殖方面的投资, 这可能有助于解释人口统计模式. I found that bluebunch wheatgrass plants with above-average reproduction in one year were more likely to have above-average growth and reproduction the following year. 资源可用性的空间差异可能会导致这种投资差异, and thus demographic patterns; however, additional information is required to determine what allows some plants to out-perform others across multiple years.
Faculty Sponsor: Tim Parker
研究 Funding Source: Faculty-Student Summer 研究 Award

Investigating the Effects of Cattle Grazing on the Colorado Plateau

美国西部的大部分公共土地都是牲畜放牧的. Livestock grazing is promoted, protected and subsidized by federal agencies on approximately 270 million acres of public land in 11 western states. 然而,全国只有2%到5%的牲畜饲料来自公共土地. My research as a journalism intern this past summer with the Grand Canyon Trust focuses on grazing along the Colorado Plateau in the Four Corners region of the Southwest and its effects on the land. At the end of my internship, 我完成了一份数据表,概述了放牧牛群的范围和真实成本. I share this data and my methods of collection in my presentation. 我还讨论了在公共土地上放牧牛对环境的危害, from greenhouse gas emissions to severe habitat loss to the killing of wildlife for the protection of livestock.
Faculty Sponsor: Philip Brick

Alyssa奥尔蒂斯, 主持人

2 p.m. 海利·扬特,麦克斯韦·布朗,尼迪·贾塔尔和佐伊·希尔

Chemists around the world use the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Database 46, which contains thousands of critically-selected stability constants for various metal complexes. 不幸的是, the user interface was unmaintained for many years and now only 运行s as a program on the outdated Windows XP operating system, 这使得它很难进入和导航. We set out to develop a web application with a better user interface that will afford scientists easier access to this resource. Our project focuses on implementing features that will make the data readable and easy to navigate in a way that fits with a chemist's workflow and their approach to finding and using information. In this presentation, we will detail how we implemented these design choices to create a web application that has the potential to impact the scientific community both at Whitman and beyond.
Faculty Sponsor: John Stratton

2:30 p.m. 伊恩·斯图尔特,迪伦·吴,杰里米·戴维斯和埃德温·雷塔纳

The Differential Equation Network Simulation Engine (DENSE) allows systems biologists to simulate models of complex chemical reactions. The problem is that in DENSE, 这些模型需要用c++编写, 一种没有计算机科学背景可能很难使用的编程语言. 除此之外, 没有方便的方法来保存和跟踪不同的模型和仿真版本. To solve these problems, we built a desktop application with a user interface allowing users to load their models from a common systems biology model format, convert and compile these models, and then configure, 运行, 并查看他们各种模拟的结果. 通过让密集的软件更容易访问, PG电子APP下载邀请更多的生物学家和化学家加入他们的研究武器库.
Faculty Sponsor: John Stratton

艾娃Liponis, 主持人

Effect of Social Interaction on Song Learning in Zebra Finches

在人类, 同伴间的互动与认知能力的提高有关, academic achievement, 动机, and language acquisition. Peer interactions have been drastically reduced due to COVID-19, potentially resulting in impairments in the above categories. 最近的研究显示,斑胸草雀(Taeniopygia guttata) are a robust model for human learning both due to their overall gregariousness and similar brain areas for language acquisition. 因此, we conducted a longitudinal study on the effects of social isolation and interactions on song learning in zebra finches. PG电子APP下载把雄性雏鸟和年龄相仿的雏鸟关在一起,或者把它们隔离起来, 在第60天到第100天之间,他们每周录制一次每个个体的歌曲. By analyzing the songs for accuracy relative to their own tutor, PG电子APP下载将能够进一步了解社会隔离如何影响学习.
Faculty Sponsor: Nancy Day

长期社会隔离对皮质酮的影响, Gene Expression and Behavior in Male and Female Zebra Finches

社会隔离对社会性动物来说是一个重要的压力源. Brief periods of social isolation (<24 hours) have been shown to have significant physiological effects in zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata), which are highly social. Our study examined the effects of prolonged social isolation in zebra finches on levels of the stress hormone corticosterone (CORT). PG电子APP下载还定量了FKBP5的基因表达, oxytocin receptors, and vasopressin receptors because previous research has shown that stress affects the expression of these genes. PG电子APP下载预测,长期的社会隔离将增加CORT水平, increase FKBP5 expression, 降低催产素和抗利尿激素受体的表达. 最终, this would indicate that prolonged social isolation is a stressor that has significant physiological consequences for zebra finches. Understanding the physiological consequences that a social species experiences during prolonged social isolation may further illuminate the challenges that humans are currently facing while isolating to reduce the spread of COVID-19.
Faculty Sponsor: Nancy Day
研究 Funding Source: Faculty-Student Summer 研究 Award

2:30 p.m. 维多利亚赫尔默

尽管邻近中国,人口众多(23.8500万),台湾记录的新冠肺炎病例不足1000例(截至2021年3月1日). COVID-19 incidence in Taiwan is 40 cases per million compared to 86,000-plus cases per million in the U.S. A wide variety of political, 文化, 情感因素是台湾经济快速增长的原因, 技术介导的COVID-19应对. 我通过查阅有关社交设计的文献来探讨这些因素, 公共卫生, 技术, and their intersections. 我也分析在线原始资料和口述历史. 最后, 我揭示了台湾“数字民主”的原则——粗略的共识, civic participation, 以及彻底的透明度——对该国成功应对COVID-19至关重要, which has been described as “fast, 公平, 和有趣的.“我的研究对公共卫生信息的传播以及现在和未来打击错误信息的方式具有广泛的影响.
Faculty Sponsor: Jason Pribilsky

2:45 p.m. 丹尼尔梁

在其经济实力和技术创新之下, 早在COVID-19之前,日本就一直在与精神卫生大流行作斗争. Despite having one of the highest suicide rates in the world, Japan’s population has historically underutilized mental healthcare. At the same time, individuals with mental health issues such as depression face a deeply rooted 文化 stigma in their communities. One of my commitments at Whitman has been to advocate for mental healthcare and challenge those who dismiss it. For the past three years, I have collaborated with Whitman faculty and several professors in Japan in examining the efficacy of a psychoeducational intervention regarding attitudes toward mental health among university-age students in Japan. 虽然受到冠状病毒大流行的限制, 为了减少后代对精神疾病的污名化和误解,我的研究和其他类似的研究是必不可少的.
Faculty Sponsor: Tom Armstrong

Nadyieli Gonzalez Ortiz, 主持人

2 p.m. 科拉PATZ

The Shoah was an intentional system aimed at murdering Jews and other minorities and resulted in the genocide of over six million people -- an incomprehensible level of killing and death. In concentration camps, 他们经常对囚犯采取行动,以破坏他们的精神和抵抗. 所谓正常的观念被摧毁了, moral boundaries were crossed, 以前无法想象的行为突然变成了日常生活的一部分. How were individuals able to maintain their humanity while experiencing these most inhumane conditions? 在如此极端的环境下,他们是如何应对的呢? Hannah 阿伦特, Victor Klemperer, Giorgio 阿冈本和László Nemes的电影 扫罗的儿子 provide examples and analyses to help understand what people had to do to survive their new horrific reality. 我的演讲探讨的是人们——包括受害者和行凶者——是如何从肉体上幸存下来的, but mentally and emotionally.
Faculty Sponsor: Julia Ireland

2:15 p.m. 布丽姬特O ' brien
From Nazi Germany to Trump: How Language Shapes Our Moral Reality

语言如何拥有消解PG电子APP下载良知的力量? 另一方面,如何利用语言来保持PG电子APP下载道德的完整性? My presentation considers these urgent questions in the context of the language of Nazi totalitarianism. 我认为, by using our words intentionally, we can restore meaning to our actions and therefore protect ourselves from the former outcome: the abandonment of our moral conscience. Theorists such as Hannah 阿伦特, Primo Levi, and Karl 雅斯贝尔斯这样 serve as guiding lights in my inquiry. 无论是作为惠特曼学院的学生还是作为社交媒体文化的参与者, PG电子APP下载的良心是如何通过PG电子APP下载的日常语言被肯定或否定的?
Faculty Sponsor: Julia Ireland


Our structure of world is predicated upon its encounterability: how we perceive our environment and communicate these perceptions in order to construct a shared context that allows meaning to emerge and reality to hold together coherently. What happens when the construction of our environment is manipulated in such a way that reality cannot be authentically encountered within the conceptual framework of the world as we know it? Totalitarian domination. 通过实施和重复不同的修辞和语言惯例, 第三帝国和特朗普政府做到了这一点. In what ways can we combat this annihilation of (shared) language? PG电子APP下载如何能表达那些不可言说的东西? PG电子APP下载对PG电子APP下载所参与的政治气候负有多大的责任, and what do we owe each other? 我的演讲通过分析克伦佩雷尔的文本来解决这些问题, Gessen, 阿伦特, 雅斯贝尔斯这样, 阿冈本, Spiegelman, 和利未.
Faculty Sponsor: Julia Ireland

Fake News and Accuracy Perceptions

社交媒体平台加强了对发布警告信息的监管,以遏制虚假和误导性信息的传播, 或“假新闻.” Our study extends prior research that examined the effectiveness of these warnings on perceived accuracy and whether social endorsements moderate this effect. Participants viewed tweets containing true and false news headlines accompanied by either a strong or moderate accuracy warning, 或没有警告. 推文的形式也因社会认可而有所不同,比如点赞和转发. We hypothesize that participants exposed to more severe warnings will perceive the headlines as less accurate than participants who viewed them without any warnings. PG电子APP下载还预计,不管警告与否,点赞和转发都会增加人们对准确性的感知 . Our findings may better inform the decisions of social media platforms in designing accuracy warnings.
Faculty Sponsor: Stephen Michael

亚当·鲁尼, 主持人

2 p.m. 克洛伊DAIKH

How does the poetry of Sulpicia, a female voice from ancient Rome, 与她同时代的作品互动, Augustan-era poets? How do those poets respond to her? My presentation focuses on the intertextuality of Sulpicia’s poetry. 第一个, I argue for a precise dating of the Garland of Sulpicia -- 17 BCE -- based on archaeological and prosopographical evidence. I demonstrate that Sulpicia was taken seriously as a poet in her own time by analyzing responses from her contemporaries. I highlight Sulpicia’s artful deployment of vocabulary favored by Propertius and her discussion of the implications of 法玛 (“名声”)的罗马精英女性,由维吉尔开创. Sulpicia’s intertextuality demonstrates the artistry of her poetry which modern scholarship has long denied. I end my presentation with a discussion of Sulpicia’s role as amator (“情人”),一个通常为男性诗人保留的角色,以及她对彼此爱情的兴趣.
Faculty Sponsor: Sarah Davies


Lou Salomé broke barriers and advocated for herself in ways that, 在她的时间, 只能用非传统来形容吗. 她是一位多产的作家,也是第一位女性精神分析学家. But this work all too often stands in the shadow of her relationships with major male figures of the time: Nietzsche, 弗洛伊德, 句和. Salomé的故事通常是通过这些人来讲述的. 然而,, her art and intellectual engagement stem from her freedom and individuality; her contributions stand alone and should be considered on their own merit. 我的报告是Salomé的浓缩传记,以她独特的观点为荣. I use the novella Eine Ausschweifung 作为一种方式来思考她作为一名艺术家的生活中充满挑战的结构. I also draw on other sources, 包括Salomé的自传体作品, 提供能阐明她观点的背景.
Faculty Sponsor: Emily Jones

2:30 p.m. 米利暗博智金融

人们记住歌德主要是作为一个诗人, 剧作家, 小说家:事实上的“德国的莎士比亚”.” But he was also a keen observer of natural phenomena and participated actively in scientific development during the 18th century. Interested particularly in geology, Goethe was a devoted Neptunist who believed that all rock precipitated from prehistoric oceans. 虽然这种观点从现代地质学家的角度来看是根本错误的, Goethe still had a firm understanding and respect for geologic time and the dynamism of the earth. 这些地质信仰体现在他的文学作品中,如 《PG电子》. 我认为浪漫主义的崇高概念, 它被定义为同时具有震惊和恐怖的审美品质, 把歌德的地质研究和文学研究联系起来的线索是什么. As it relates to geologic processes, 崇高可以让PG电子APP下载更好地了解PG电子APP下载对地球的影响.
Faculty Sponsor: Emily Jones

2:45 p.m. HELEANA巴克斯

尽管学者们研究过约翰·弥尔顿(John Milton)的《PG电子APP下载》(Paradise Lost)中地狱般的音乐,“几个世纪以来, contemporary critics have yet to investigate the epic poem's musical and political appeal to fans of heavy metal music. 在这个“金属阅读”中(这是同类的第一个!), 在《PG电子APP下载》(Paradise Lost)中,我利用了对撒旦作为英雄的分析,以及重金属对撒旦符号和叙事的盗用研究, 将弥尔顿笔下的撒旦塑造成“金属读者”的假救世主.“我分析了这首诗的高亢段落,并结合了金属乐队(Metallica)等艺术家的歌词, 铁娘子, and 黑色的 Sabbath to suggest that "Paradise Lost" challenges but ultimately reinforces the anarchic ethics of heavy metal music. To the metal reader, not even one of the greatest antiheroes in literature succeeds as a figurehead for musical or political rebellion.
Faculty Sponsor: Theresa DiPasquale

Composers Studio Concert 3:15-4:30 p.m.

The music in the Composers Studio program is a product of the creative talents of Whitman student composers as they fulfill the requirements of the music composition curriculum. Two of the works, 这些由Jongwoo李和卡梅隆梭伦, are "character suites," sets of short descriptive pieces based on specific imagery. The other two works, by Liam Dubay and Ronja Mokranova, 一组变奏曲是原创的还是借用的主题. These time-honored musical forms are designed to guide student composers from the essential arts of crafting melody, harmony and rhythm to the more complex structures of contrapuntal and formal manipulation through variation.

John David Earnest


Liam Dubay: Variations on “Ashokan Farewell” for Viola and Cello 

“Ashokan Farewell” is a fiddle tune best known for its use in the soundtrack of Ken Burns' documentary film, “内战.这首曲子是Jay Ungar在1982年创作的,作为告别华尔兹,在纽约北部一年一度的Ashokan小提琴和舞蹈夏令营中演奏. 中提琴手艾尔莎·巴顿和我演奏了这首曲子的一组变奏曲. 第一个变奏曲是对曲调最后一个乐句的抒情阐述. The second variation is a spritely jig with a rhythmic twist, while the third is a somber dirge. Variation VIII starts as a conversation between the two instruments, each with a different motivic idea, but soon turns into an argument. 最后的变奏曲,写成了一种赞美诗,给这一集带来了戏剧性的结局.

Elsa Batten, viola
Liam Dubay, cello



My piano composition, “Flightstory,” is the second piece in a suite of three pieces which describes the journey I made from my home in South Korea to Walla Walla last September amidst the pandemic. 对我来说, the piano was the best instrument to illustrate the scenery and emotions I had during my first flight after a long gap year. 钢琴能够最好地表达这段旅程的变化和多层次的体验. I hope you enjoy this music.

Kristin Vining, piano


Ronja Mokranova:弦乐四重奏的梦想变奏曲

我的作品, 写于2020年, 故事讲述了一个孩子睡着后,梦想着一个奇幻的世界. It is dedicated to my younger sister. 这些变奏曲是基于我写的一个原创主题,用来代表一种平静而简单的状态,就在你进入梦乡之前. Each variation uses elements of the theme to describe episodes in the dream: walking through a dark enchanted forest; emerging from the forest into an alluring fantasy world; entering a magical palace where a lively waltz is in progress; being transformed by some sort of spiritual awakening in the music of a slow chorale; struggling with the conflicting forces of hope and doubt; and finally exiting this magical world back through the enchanted forest in an unending and unresolved journey.

Julia Schillings, violin
Jack Fleming, violin
Elsa Batten, viola
Liam Dubay, cello



My character suite, “The Rooftop,” is composed for solo guitar. 这件作品是以我住的学生宿舍的非正式名称命名的. The four pieces in the suite are inspired by, named after and are commentary on my four housemates. 这套套房是我与团队关系的体现, 每一件作品都是一幅个人的音乐画像以及我与他们的关系. In order, the four pieces are “Bruce,” “Erin,” “Jane” and “Emery.在这些录音中出现的吉他手是菲尔·林奇教授, 音乐系的教员, 是谁一接到通知就欣然同意准备和表演这套套房. 感谢收看,欣赏音乐.

Phil Lynch, guitar